Linux xargs命令


xargs 是一个强有力的命令,它能够捕获一个命令的输出,然后传递给另外一个命令,下面是一些如何有效使用xargs 的实用例子。

1. 当你尝试用rm 删除太多的文件,你可能得到一个错误信息:/bin/rm Argument list too long. 用xargs 去避免这个问题

find ~ -name ‘*.log’ -print0 | xargs -0 rm -f

2. 获得/etc/ 下所有*.conf 结尾的文件列表,有几种不同的方法能得到相同的结果,下面的例子仅仅是示范怎么实用xargs ,在这个例子中实用 xargs将find 命令的输出传递给ls -l

# find /etc -name "*.conf" | xargs ls –l

3. 假如你有一个文件包含了很多你希望下载的URL, 你能够使用xargs 下载所有链接

# cat url-list.txt | xargs wget –c

4. 查找所有的jpg 文件,并且压缩它

# find / -name *.jpg -type f -print | xargs tar -cvzf images.tar.gz

5. 拷贝所有的图片文件到一个外部的硬盘驱动 

# ls *.jpg | xargs -n1 -i cp {} /external-hard-drive/directory

find /tmp -name core -type f -print | xargs /bin/rm -f
Find files named core in or below the directory /tmp and delete them.  Note that this will work incorrectly if there are any filenames containing newlines or spaces.

find /tmp -name core -type f -print0 | xargs -0 /bin/rm -f
Find  files  named core in or below the directory /tmp and delete them, processing filenames in such a way that file or directory names containing spaces or newlines are correctly handled.

find /tmp -depth -name core -type f -delete
Find files named core in or below the directory /tmp and delete them, but more efficiently than in the previous example (because we avoid the need to use fork(2) and exec(2) to launch rm and we don't need the extra xargs process).

cut -d: -f1 < /etc/passwd | sort | xargs echo
Generates a compact listing of all the users on the system.

xargs sh -c 'emacs "$@" < /dev/tty' emacs
Launches the minimum number of copies of Emacs needed, one after the other, to edit the files listed on xargs' standard input.  This example achieves the same effect as BSD's -o option, but in a more flexible and portable way.